HIFU Non-Spoiled to Prostatectomy for Localized Prostate Cancer

SAN ANTONIO — A comparability of high-depth targeted ultrasound (HIFU) and radical prostatectomy (RP) chanced on that HIFU turned into non-contaminated to surgical treatment as major treatment for localized prostate most cancers, in accordance with a French trial.

At a custom-up of 30 months, patients handled with HIFU had a seriously bigger salvage treatment-free survival rate than patients who underwent RP (89.8% vs 86.2%, HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.61-0.96, P=0.008), reported Pascal Rischmann, MD, PhD, of Toulouse Academic Health facility in Toulouse.

Outcomes had been similar when adjusted for age and tons of covariates at baseline, including BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologists bodily station rating, Prostate quantity, PSA stage, and grade community (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.52-0.97, P=0.03).

Moreover, patients handled with HIFU had greater purposeful results regarding urinary continence and erectile aim, Rischmann observed.

Right here is the first prospective look evaluating HIFU and RP as a essential treatment for localized prostate most cancers grade community 1 and a pair of, Rischmann said throughout a plenary session at the American Urological Association annual meeting. “Salvage treatment-free survival after HIFU turned into not contaminated in contrast with radical prostatectomy.”

The HIFI look turned into a non-inferiority, prospective, non-randomized look performed in 46 centers across France from April 2015 through September 2019. The trial integrated an total of three,328 patients, 1,967 of whom had been handled with HIFU and 1,361 underwent RP.

Patients had been eligible for the look in the event that that they had low- or intermediate-menace prostate most cancers (PSA <15 ng/ml, Gleason score ≤3+4, and clinical stage T1-2 NxM0), a maximum of four sextants invaded out of six on multiparametric MRI, a minimum age of 70 for HIFU patients, and a life expectancy of 10 years for RP patients.

HIFU was delivered using the Focal One device, with treatment limited to 70% of the prostate gland.

Patients in the HIFU arm (n=1,967) had a median age of 74.7, while those in the RP arm (n=1,361) had a median age of 65.1. The median baseline PSA was 7.1 in the HIFU arm and 6.93 in the RP arm. Most patients had intermediate-risk disease (60% in the HIFU arm, 63% in the RP arm), and the two cohorts were evenly split between patients classified as grade group (GG) 1 and those >1.

Overall survival turned into 97.7% in the HIFU arm and 99.5% in the RP arm, nonetheless there turned into no essential difference between the 2 groups after adjusting for age (HR 2.53, 95% CI 0.95-6.73, P=0.064).

Cancer-explicit survival turned into 100% in both palms, and no deaths had been attributed to treatment.

Of those patients in the HIFU arm, 10% indirectly underwent salvage treatment, 5% underwent second HIFU, and a pair of% went on energetic surveillance. Within the RP arm, 13% underwent salvage treatment and a pair of% went on energetic surveillance.

Relating to safety, considerations increased than IIIa had been reported in 2.7% and a pair of.1% of patients after HIFU and RP, respectively.

As for purposeful results, urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction “had been seriously lower after HIFU,” Rischmann reported.

Specifically, at 12 months, 64% of patients who underwent HIFU had a stress incontinence rating of 0 (indicating the affected person had no or very subtle urinary continence signs) in contrast with 48% of patients in the RP community (menace ratio 0.76, 95% CI 0.70-0.83, P<0.001).

At 30 months, 62% of patients in the HIFU arm had celebrated to moderately impaired erections in contrast with 42% of patients in the RP arm. “So there turned into seriously less degradation for erectile aim after HIFU,” Rischmann observed.

International Prostate Symptom ratings had been in the subtle differ for both HIFU and RP, and no matter the adaptation in age between the 2 groups, there turned into no statistical difference in quality of life ratings.

  • author['full_name']

    Mike Bassett is a employees creator focusing on oncology and hematology. He’s essentially based fully in Massachusetts.


Rischmann disclosed a relationship with EDAP TMS.

Predominant Supply

American Urological Association

Supply Reference: Rischmann P, et al “HIFI trial: HIFU vs radical prostatectomy in the curative treatment of localized prostate most cancers in 3328 conditions, closing results” AUA 2024; Summary P2-06.

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