HEALTH & MEDICAL

PrEP stigma serene excessive amongst men who maintain sex with men

Many male couples in the U.S. appear to be underestimating the effectiveness of HIV pre-publicity prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention, and instructing companions together would possibly perhaps perhaps well enhance the number of male couples who’ve interaction to adopt PrEP. These conclusions come from a test out reported in the July/August voice of The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (JANAC), the legitimate journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.

PrEP—treatment taken to finish HIV infection—reduces the threat of getting HIV from sex by about 99%, in response to the U.S. Centers for Illness Management and Prevention. But amongst men who maintain sex with men, PrEP spend is suboptimal, and novel HIV diagnoses maintain lowered by finest 5%. One-third to 2-thirds of most modern HIV infections on this group come from the man’s most main companion.

Make a choice Stephenson, Ph.D., a professor on the College of Michigan College of Nursing, and colleagues studied how PrEP-linked stigma (shame) and views of PrEP effectiveness impact decisions of male couples about whether or now not to make spend of it. “[A]lthough threat perceptions would possibly perhaps perhaps well merely again gash again stigma by framing PrEP as a attainable protector in opposition to… perceived dangers, there would possibly perhaps be evidence that partnered men would possibly perhaps perhaps well merely also be undervaluing the efficacy of PrEP,” they suppose.

The team conducted an of 375 U.S. cisgender male couples wherein one or both companions was once HIV-unfavorable. All couples had been together for now not now not as a lot as 3 months. Partners took the test out personally and each reported his fill views of PrEP effectiveness. Every also rated his agreement (scale of 1–5) with these statements:

  • I would feel soiled if a doctor suggested PrEP to me
  • Somebody who takes PrEP is perchance promiscuous
  • Most folks I do know converse that taking PrEP is a label of a extinct personality
  • In case you is in all probability to be on PrEP you nearly completely maintain a sexually-transmitted infection
  • Taking PrEP manner you maintain gotten got bad morals

A majority of participants (62.6%) rated PrEP as very efficient, while 29.8% rated it a diminutive of efficient and 7.6% rated it minimally efficient. However of 25 that you just are going to have the opportunity to mediate points on the stigma scale, the common rating was once 21, indicating a excessive diploma of PrEP-linked stigma. Assorted key results maintain been:

  • High-threat behaviors such as binge drinking and having sex companions outdoors the relationship maintain been linked to diminished PrEP stigma. This implies partnered men with HIV-linked dangers are perfect in regards to the want for HIV prevention. However, those maintain been usually linked to diminished have confidence in PrEP effectiveness.
  • A man’s diploma of PrEP-linked stigma and his rating of PrEP effectiveness was once in all probability to be influenced by his companion’s behavior and experiences. As an illustration, amongst men whose companions reported behaviors linked to excessive threat of HIV, rankings of PrEP-linked stigma maintain been diminished—nonetheless so maintain been rankings of PrEP effectiveness.
  • “Serodiscordant” couples—those wherein finest one man was once HIV-unfavorable—reported greater levels of PrEP-linked stigma than couples wherein both maintain been HIV-unfavorable. The clarification would be that serodiscordant couples stumble upon extra judgment and disapproval from household, friends, and .

HIV prevention efforts (e.g., pretest education, HIV finding out, and post-take a look at education) commonly have both participants of a , the authors indicate. They suggest adapting that technique when instructing sufferers about PrEP. “Providing this files to couples provides an opportunity for them to be taught together and discuss thru their considerations about PrEP and their attainable to make spend of it.”



More files:
Make a choice Stephenson et al, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Stigma and Beliefs in the Efficacy of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (2021). DOI: 10.1097/JNC.0000000000000315

Quotation:
PrEP stigma serene excessive amongst men who maintain sex with men (2022, June 17)
retrieved 18 June 2022
from https://medicalxpress.com/files/2022-06-prep-stigma-excessive-men-sex.html

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